20 Reasons You Shouldn’t Assign Homework Over The Holidays
by Miriam Clifford
Many students agree that homework over the holidays really is a form of cruel and unusual punishment.
Upon returning from winter break, you’ll probably have a handful of students saying the dog ate their homework or it got blown away in a winter storm. But you’ll probably be surprised to learn that some research suggests too much homework can be a bad thing. A 2009 article in the Los Angeles Times, suggests that some districts have cut back on the amount of homework in the effort to consider children’s social development. In fact, the San Ramon Valley district modified its homework policy and no homework is allowed over weekends and holiday vacations, except for reading.
The US National Education Association recommends no more than ten minutes (of homework) per grade level, per night.
Homework has fallen in and out of favor over the decades. California even established a law in 1901 limiting the amount of homework teachers could assign. Homework is highly in favor now a days. With recent trends of information overload, packed activity schedules, and childhood obesity, it’s no wonder educators are reconsidering their stance on homework.
20 Reasons You Shouldn’t Assign Homework Over The Holidays
1. Students are learning all the time in the 21st century. According to a recent article in MindShift traditional homework will become obsolete in the next decade. Thanks to computers, learning is occurring 24/7. With access to software programs, worldwide connections, and learning websites such as the Khan Academy, learning occurs all the time. According to Mindshift, “the next decade is going to see the traditional temporal boundaries between home and school disappear.” Try to see if you can bridge the gap between school and home by getting students interested in doing their own research over holiday break. Rather than assigning homework, create a true interest in learning. They will often pursue learning about topics they like on their own. After all, this is the way of the 21st century and information is everywhere.
2. More homework doesn’t necessarily equate to higher achievement. Yes, too much homework can actually be a bad thing. A 1989 Duke University study that reviewed 120 studies found a weak link between achievement and homework at the elementary level and only a moderate benefit at the middle school level. In a similar recent review of 60 studies, researchers at Duke U found homework was beneficial, but assigning excessive amounts of homework was counterproductive. The research found homework was more beneficial for older students than younger ones. The study was completed by Harris Cooper, a leading homework research and author of “The Battle over Homework: Common Ground for Administrators, Teachers, and Parents”. Cooper suggests that teachers at the younger level may assign homework for improving study skills, rather than learning, explaining why many studies concluded less benefit for younger children. Many teachers do not receive specific training on homework. Cooper suggests that homework should be uncomplicated and short, involve families, and engage student interests.
3. Countries that assign more homework don’t outperform those with less homework. Around the world, countries that assign more homework don’t see to perform any better. A Stanford study found that in counties like Japan, Denmark, and the Czech Republic little homework was assigned and students outperformed students in counties with large amounts of homework such as Greece, Thailand, and Iran. American and British students seem to have more homework than most counties, and still only score in the international average. In fact, Japan has instituted no homework policies at younger levels to allow family time and personal interests. Finland, a national leader in international tests, limits high school homework to half hour per night. Of course, there are other factors not taken into account in the study, such as length of the school day. But in itself, it is interesting to see this issue from a world perspective.
4. Instead of assigning homework, suggest they read for fun. There are great holiday stories and books you can recommend to parents and students. If you approach the activity with a holiday spirit, many students will be engaged. They may want to check out the stories on their own. You can start by reading the first chapter in class and leaving them intrigued. For instance, you can read the first chapter of TheGift of the Magi and suggest students read it over winter break. With younger students, you might promise roles in a play for students who read over break.
5. Don’t assign holiday busy work. Most academics agree that busy work does little to increase learning. It is best to not assign packets of worksheets if they do nothing to add to student learning. You also don’t want to waste valuable time grading meaningless paperwork. Some studies show that much homework may actually decline achievement. Assigning excessive amounts of homework may be detrimental. In fact, a 2006 study by Yankelovick found that reading achievement declined when students were assigned too much homework. Actually, interesting reading such as Harry Potter produced higher reading achievement.
6. Have students attend a local cultural event. You can let parents know that instead of assigning homework, you are suggesting students attend a particular event that relates to your classroom. For instance, if you are reading Shakespeare, they might attend a related play or ballet.
7. Family time is more important during the holidays. Assigning less homework makes it easier for families to have time together. Family studies at the University of Michigan, show that family time is extremely important to achievement and behavior. Studies on family meals, suggest that students who have dinner with their family have better academic scores and behavioral outcomes. Perhaps this is only a correlation, but family time is undeniably important to child development. Students spent most of their days at school while parents are at work. When all is said and done, remember what it was like being a kid. The things you remember most about the holidays aren’t the assignments you took home, but the time you spend with family and friends.
8. For students who travel during the holidays, homework may impede learning on their trip. The Holiday time is the one time of year that many families reconnect with distant family members or travel. I remember having to pack hoards of books over some holidays to Spain and it was not fun. I wanted to enjoy the time with family and experience the country fully. Traveling in itself is a learning activity. Let students experience their travels fully.
9. Kids need time to be kids. A recent article from Australia’s Happy Child website, “What is the value of Homework: Research and Reality” considers this issue and explains how children need unstructured play time. Homework can have a negative influence on early learning experiences. Suggest students use holiday time to do physical activity, such as ice-skating or sledding.Many kids don’t get enough exercise. Childhood obesity is a major problem in the United States.Suggesting students play outside or participate in a sport is a good way to get them to value physical activity. The holidays are a great time for kids to go sledding in the snow or play with friends outside. If no one has homework, classmates might exchange phone numbers to play together. You can suggest this to parents. If the teacher thinks physical activity is important, students will too.
10. Some education experts recommend an end to all homework. Etta Kralovec and John Buell, authors of The End of Homework: How Homework Disrupts Families, Overburdens Children, and Limits Learning, controversially suggests that homework may be a form of intrusion on family life, and may increase the drop-out rate in high schools. The authors blame homework for increasing the achievement gap due to socio-economic differences in after-school obligations. Consider challenging your own views of the benefits of homework and try to create a level playing field when considering assignments.
11. Send a letter to parents explaining why you are not assigning work. You might want to take the Christmas holiday as a chance to engage parents to play a learning game or do some art with their kids. If families know there is an intentional purpose to not assigning work, they may take the chance to spend more one-on-one time with their child.
12. You can make the holidays a time for an “open project” for extra credit. Students might take this time to do something related to the curriculum that they would like to explore on their own terms. Before the holidays, you might talk about topics or provide books students for students to take home. Learning for fun and interest, might produce more meaningful engagement than assigned homework.
13. Suggest they visit a museum instead. With families at home, the holiday time is a great time for students to see an exhibit that interests them or do a fun activity at a nearby museum. Sometimes encouraging these field trips may be more beneficial than assigning homework. You might want to print coupons, a schedule, or a list of upcoming exhibits so that families have the information at their fingertips.
14. Encourage students to volunteer during the holiday time. The holidays are a great time for students to give back. Students might volunteer at a local soup kitchen or pantry. Volunteer organizations are often at their busiest during the holiday time. Plus, students learn a lot from the experience of doing community service. I remember visiting a group home during the holiday time in high school and helping kids wrap Christmas gifts for their families. This is a great alternative to assigning homework, especially for Generation Y who highly values civic involvement.
15. Develop a class game. You might have the class play a learning game the week before vacation and have them take it home to show their family. My fourth grade teacher had hop-scotch math. We often drew with chalk outside to replicate her game at home. Try to think of a holiday-themed game or one that the whole family can get involved in.
16. Students might learn more from observing the real world. Learning isn’t just about paper and pencil activities. Teachers should also inspire students to seek ways to learn from real-world experiences. They might cook with their parents and practice measuring. Or tag along with a parent who is putting up holiday lights or building a shed. Ask students to observe a job around the house or ask their parents about their job over holiday break. They might be enlightened to learn more about the real world and different jobs they might pursue in the future. Perhaps some students might be able to go to work with their parents instead of a formal assignment.
17. Go on a hike. Students learn a great deal from nature. Tell students to go outside on a walk and be ready to share their experience when they get back. Did they observe natural phenomena you talked about in science class or different types of rocks you discussed in geology? Or can you tie their walk into a discussion of poetry?
18. Tell students to visit an amusement park. If you are teaching physics or math, amusement parks give ample room to explain the laws of physics and mathematical probability. This outing would allow students to think about the real world implications of science. You may want to even plan a lesson beforehand that ties this idea in. On another level, it allows students to create a lasting memory with their own families.
19. Kids need rest! Everyone needs a mental breather and the holidays are the best time for students to play and take a break from school.Kids need a full ten hours of sleep and adequate rest. The vacation time is a great time for students to take a mental breather from school. With many family outings and vacations during the holiday time, they will have less time to complete homework. They will come back to school feeling re-energized.
20. Many parents and students dislike holiday homework. You want parents to buy-in to your classroom community and support your endeavors with students. Assigning holiday homework is usually unpopular with parents because it may the one time of year they have to give children their undivided attention. Instead, you might want to take a survey to see if parents agree with the idea. You can then send a letter with the survey results. Taking parents’ perspectives into account shows you value their opinions and feedback. Students prefer some free time too. Not surprisingly one student created a Facebook page, titled, “Why do teachers give us homework over the holiday.” If the students know you are giving them a break over the holidays they may work harder for you when they get back.
If you’re still not convinced, check out this fact sheet based on The Case Against Homework: How Homework Is Hurting Our Children and What We Can Do About It by Sara Bennett and Nancy Kalish. If you are still going to assign some holiday homework, at least keep in mind some guidelines.
The US National Education Association recommends no more than ten minutes per grade level, per night. If you must assign homework make sure it is meaningful and doesn’t take away from time with families. And most of all, remember what it was like being a kid during the holiday time. Homework is generally not a part of those memories, nor should it be. Those days playing outside and spending time with family are lifelong memories just as important as school.
Childhood is over in the blink of an eye.
This is a cross-post from opencolleges.edu.au
No more pencils, no more books? Think again! At my school, teachers are expected to assign summer homework beginning in second grade, and we’re not alone. In discussions with teacher-friends around the country, summer homework for elementary students seems to be pretty common.
There’s a lot of debate among researchers about whether summer homework is effective at preventing summer learning loss, and there doesn’t seem to be a definitive answer. I’m pretty ambivalent about homework in general, as I wrote about in my blog post "Why I Don’t Hate Homework Anymore," and I’m even less sold on summer homework.
Over the past few years my teaching partners and I have been thinking about how to make summer homework meaningful and interesting enough that our students buy in and possibly even want to do it. Read on for our summer homework game plan. And please share your solutions for summer homework! Do you assign summer homework in your school? What type and how much?
New Student Meet and Greet
In my opinion, the crux of making summer homework successful is the delivery. We coordinate with the second grade teachers to swap classes for a period so we can meet with our incoming students. We teachers introduce ourselves, build some excitement about all the fun and challenging learning ahead during third grade, and explain the very “grown-up” summer homework.
We’ve been far more successful in instilling the importance of our summer assignments when presenting about it face-to-face rather than just sending a packet of directions home cold. The second graders sit on the edges of their seats as we expound on the importance of summer reading and our surety that our incoming students will do everything they possibly can “to keep their brains healthy, pink, and strong” over the summer.
What Matters Most? Summer Reading!
We decided to really emphasize one summer assignment in the hopes that keeping our efforts focused will mean that the students actually follow through. Over one hundred years of research clearly shows that children who do not read plentifully during the summer lose a lot of ground in their reading development. Reading is a treat, not a menial assignment, so I don’t feel a whit of guilt about making reading the bulk of the summer homework.
Students fill out a log to keep track of the books and other texts they read over the summer. We don’t require a certain number of books or that kids read specific books, simply that they find books they love and spend lots of time reading them.
To encourage summer reading, my current students write book reviews of their favorite books that we copy and send home with the rising second graders, and reading ambassadors from my class speak to the second graders about the importance and joys of reading. When coming from slightly older peers, the message is very well received.
For more ideas about promoting summer reading, check out my blog post "Five Ways to Celebrate Summer Reading" and be sure to sign your students up for Scholastic’s Summer Reading Challenge.
Typing Practice, Computer Games, and YouTube Videos Galore
When considering other homework, we’ve decided that the best route is activities that most of the students will be motivated to do because it’s fun. And what’s more fun than computer games? Let’s face it: most kids are going to be spending time in front of a screen this summer. So why not set kids up to succeed at their summer homework by guiding them to tempting math, science, and typing practice resources that they will actually want to work on? Here’s some of what we do:
We provide a printed list of educational, age and subject appropriate websites, and we put a linked list on our class websites for the students to access during the summer.
We give the “everything is better in moderation” speech to our incoming students so they understand that we don’t want them playing four hours of math computer games a day.
We create a YouTube channel with curated “Summer Learning” videos for kids to watch as an alternative to TV during the summer.
We provide a list of online typing practice websites. Typing is an important skill for our incoming third graders, and we don’t have a lot of time to practice typing during the school day. This is an ideal skill for students to become proficient at over the summer, as it really gives them a leg up during third grade.
Let’s Connect: You’ve Got Mail!
I’ve found that students usually slack when assigned audience-less research reports and summer journals. A few highly motivated students put a lot of effort into those assignments (or some parents do) and the rest throw something together quickly if they complete the assignment at all. And I can’t even blame them! These reports are usually out of context without a real audience or purpose.
Giving incoming students the opportunity to connect with me and with each other is a far better option, in my opinion. Yes, this means that I end up with some summer homework too. But honestly, it only seems fair to meet them halfway if I’m expecting my students to do summer homework. Plus, I have the added perk of not having a pile of summer homework to grade and respond to during the first weeks of school.
I ask my incoming students to mail me a letter of introduction. I explain that I want to hear about their summer activities, their hobbies, their families, and anything else special they want me to know before the school year begins.
When I receive letters from my students, I send a postcard back with a brief response. I include a bit of information about my summer travels, and let them know that I can’t wait to see them in September. I also encourage them to send me additional letters if they want.
Some years, I have paired up students and asked them to write each other a letter over the summer. They bring in their pen pal letters that they received in September and we hang up the pairs of letters on a first bulletin board.
I’ve also used my class website to allow students to connect online with me and with each other over the summer. Using a blog format, I post a short video, article, or question once a week, and invite both incoming students and my rising former students to write their thoughts in the comments section. I moderate their comments, and really enjoy when they have back-and-forth dialogues through the comments and replies.
I want to hear from you! Is summer homework an anathema in your school, or do you assign an abundance? What type of work do you send home, and do you have any tricks to ensure that students complete the work? Share your thoughts, rants, and advice in the comments section below or reach out on Facebook or Twitter.