Rrdb Research Paper

on research into nuclear waste treatment through transmutation. The European Commission considers MYRRHA to be a “high priority international project with significant societal relevance.” The goal is for this reactor to be operational in 2025.

JHR will also add to European materials testing and irradiation capability but will not support extracted beam applications. Finally, the 45-MW High Flux Reactor at Petten, the Netherlands (previously converted to LEU fuel, and so it is not discussed above) is recognized to be reaching its end of life, and so a new reactor, PALLAS,10 is being planned for medical isotope production and nuclear technology research. A bidders’ conference was held in August 2015; design, construction, and commissioning are expected to take about 10 years. The continuing planning and construction of new HPRRs and other neutron sources in Europe positions it well to maintain its prominence in neutron science and materials testing for decades to come.

Russia, too, is planning new reactor construction, although its emphasis is on fast reactors. The multipurpose sodium-cooled fast neutron research reactor (MBIR) (which has begun construction at RIAR in Dimitrovgrad, but is not an HEU-fueled reactor) will be a 150-MW, sodium-cooled fast reactor and will have a design life of up to 50 years. It will be a multiloop research reactor capable of testing lead, lead-bismuth, and gas coolants, and running on mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. It is expected to begin operations in 2020.

South Korea is in the midst of construction of the Kijang Research Reactor (KJRR), which will be a 15-MW reactor designed for radioisotope production and semiconductor doping. Scheduled to begin operation in 2017, it will be the first reactor in the world to operate on UMo dispersion-type LEU fuel (see Chapter 4). The fuel is being developed in South Korea in parallel with reactor planning and construction.

Aging of the U.S. Fleet of High Performance Research Reactors

The average age of reactors within the U.S.-based HPRR (USHPRR) fleet is close to 50 years. Many of the USHPRRs have recently completed license renewals that last for 20 years, but they will be due for relicensing at about the same time as their conversions to LEU fuel are expected to occur. Physical limits for existing reactors include embrittlement of the containment vessel and cooling systems. A variety of refurbishment strategies and programs (DOE, 2013b) have ensured that these reactors can continue to operate safely and can meet the evolving needs of their users.

The committee gathered end-of-life analysis information from each USHPRR. The operators of these reactors are confident that they can con-


10 See http://www.pallasreactor.com/?lang=en.

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