Cause and Effect Essay Definition
A cause and effect essay is a type of essay that is written or edited with an objective of explaining why things happen (causes) and what are the consequences (effects) that result from the happening of that event or situation. Additionally, the essay can also have a domino effect or casual chain which is when one event happens, and its effects lead to another event.
If you are interested in how to write a cause and effect essay, read the article below.
CAUSE AND EFFECT ESSAY WRITING
A cause and effect essay outline is organized according to the 5-paragraph essay and consists of an introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
Looking for cause and effect essay examples? Here is a winning one below.
The Cost of College Tuition in the United States
While some could write dissertations and even entire books on the cause and effects of the ever-increasing cost of college tuition in the United States, this essay will focus on just a few.
Comparing the average “sticker price” of college tuition in 2016-2017 – ($24,610 for in-state students at a four-year public college; $49,320 for private non-profit four-year college, according to the article on topuniversities.com on December 21, 2016, How Much Does it Cost to Study in the US?) – to the price of tuition in 2011-2012 – ($8,240 for public institutions; $28,500 for private ones, according to an article published on npr.org on May 5, 2012, The Price Of College Tuition), the difference is astonishing – even frightening.
And while some factors can defend this increase, there are just as many other factors attributing the increase to something along the lines of corporate greed and to the mucky hands of an over-reaching government. Of course, these numbers do represent the “sticker price” for college tuition, which means students don’t necessarily pay all of that number; however, they do still pay a substantial portion of that price. Also, yes, some students are in fact awarded financial aid, scholarships, and need-based grants (because they have the grades to attend an institution but could never afford it), though a majority of students pay all or close to the sticker price.
So why has the price of education skyrocketed in the last couple decades (result)? The answer, of course, is debatable, but there can be speculations. One is the increase in the cost of living – gas prices are higher than ever, the American government owes trillions of dollars to China, so we are seeing an increase in taxes on its citizens, which affects industries as well as academic institutions. This means any collegiate institution, whether private or public, pays their employees more and more each year in order to keep them, or else they risk losing them (cause 1).
Also, it is appropriate to take into account the price it takes a college or university to create, fund and sustain the kind of technology needed in the 21st century. To prepare students for a working world that is highly dependent on technology – the Internet, digital and social media, email, and other forms of technology – an institution must provide its students with the latest innovations in technology, with up-to-date computers and a robust wireless network – none of which is at all cheap to have and maintain. To that institution, it is worth having because, without this technology, a student is likely to attend another institution where this technology is readily available and more valued. But, not only is web-based learning an attraction to the student, it is also a necessity to educate students on how to succeed in the world today. So to compensate for this expense, colleges probably find it necessary to increase tuition (cause 2).
Lastly, to illustrate an opposition to the increase in the price of American college tuition, it can be said that a large portion of this increase is due to nothing more than corporate greed (cause 2). Does a college or university president truly need a salary of over $1 million? Not at all. An article posted on huffintonpost.com, The 10 Highest Paid Private College Presidents: Chronicle Of Higher Education List, on Dec. 5, 2011, lists 10 college presidents all making well over $1 million. No college president should ever be treated like the CEO of a Fortune 500 organization, especially one that is designed to educate its students to become successful, intelligent and highly educated citizens. As students are forced to pay more and more for a college degree, those at the top (the presidents of the college or university, for example) are accumulating substantial sums of money to do exactly what they did 20, 30 years ago. A college president is doing nothing to deserve a salary of this kind. But the price of tuition still perpetually increases.
Looking at the effects of the increase in American college tuition, there are several disadvantages. Students realize the need for a college degree in American society, so they will do whatever possible to fund their education. This, of course, means that most students will graduate with some kind of debt: vast amounts of money they will owe that has accumulated through student loans; this means that in a struggling economy with fewer jobs than ever, they are cast out into the world penniless and owing quite a bit money, and they could be in debt for much of their adult lives. This is a disadvantage for those who find sub-par, underpaying jobs, which is much of the case today. This only hurts the economy, the banks lending students the money for their education and ultimately the government who is dependent on the banks; when students default on their loans, it ultimately hurts everyone – and only the wealthy win (consequence 1).
Also, some students will abandon the notion of attending college since they can’t afford it, or they will attend colleges in foreign countries that offer more affordable education. The ones without a college education, it has been proven, will generally make less money in their lifetime, which hurts the economy and that person’s overall quality of life; and the ones attending schools in other countries are giving their money to those countries when they could be staying home and investing their money in America businesses; this in turn is and will be detrimental to the American economy (consequence 2).
In conclusion, the cost of a college education in America is perpetually increasing. Some factors do defend the increase as a normal, understandable reality; but others illustrate it having a negative effect on American citizens and the American economy. So who is this increase in tuition really helping? It surely isn’t the young people of America.
Searching for cause and effect essay topics? Top 10 ideas for your paper you can find in the article below.
TOP 10 CAUSE AND EFFECT ESSAY TOPICS
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The Effect of the Internet on Modern Society
The last 50 years have been largely influential in many aspects of technological innovation. Many devices that were considered fiction half a century ago, such as mobile phones, microwaves, jets and many others are taken for granted nowadays. Each of these modern devices impacts people’s everyday activities. However, among the wide variety of innovations that exist today, the Internet is, perhaps, the most influential of all and it affects almost all spheres of human life.
Since the Internet, or the World Wide Web, has gained acceptance across the globe, it has demonstrated considerable influence on people’s lives, and it has also become central to many of the key changes experienced in today’s society. For example, social networks, such as Facebook, allow individuals to communicate and to link on social levels with people they may have lost touch with. A couple of decades ago, this was much more difficult to achieve, and communication was expensive (fees for international phone calls) and irregular (the slowness of snail mail). Aside from the social impact, social media has also affected business and commerce, by offering multiple options for networking and allowing for widespread dissemination of information across a broad geographic scope (Calvó-Armengol & Zenou, 2005).
Mobility of information, resources and skills has changed dramatically as a result of the World Wide Web growing and gaining popularity. These days, many individuals are able to work from home, with businesses being able to obtain a global reach for their products and services without the substantial investments. This has changed the world of commerce, not only from the point of view of the businesses, but also the consumer. Those looking to purchase products and services can research available providers, regardless of their geographic location, and can purchase items from any location. Competition is therefore substantially increased by offering consumers the opportunity to improve the products and services they receive, as well as being considerably more aware of the options available, due to the ease with which information can be obtained online (Kucuk & Sandeep, 2007).
Education has also changed dramatically due to the Internet. Changes can be observed in two areas. First, there is an increasing network of online educational opportunities such as the Open University, allowing those who could not have attended a traditional learning environment to obtain the qualifications that they need to proceed with their careers. Secondly, the World Wide Web has also offered many opportunities for research and for the collection of information (Chandler, 2002).
Therefore we can see that the Internet contributes significantly to many important spheres of everyday private and business life. Thus, it helps people all over the world keep in touch, and communicate instantaneously and inexpensively. Allowing individuals increased access to information and resources enables people to make informed decisions in a much more efficient manner, and it increases their ability to communicate effectively in all aspects of day-to-day life.
The World Wide Web has also shifted commerce models, as well as it has had an impact on the way people purchase things, which has strengthened competition. Finally, the Internet has facilitated educational opportunities, providing people with the option to study online, and offering them more opportunities for reaching their goals.
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